Spam is the electronic equivalent of junk mail. The term refers to unsolicited, bulk – and often unwanted – email. Here are ways to reduce spam:

  • Enable filters on your email programs: 
  • Most internet service providers (ISPs) and email providers offer spam filters; however, depending on the level you set, you may end up blocking emails you want. It’s a good idea to occasionally check your junk folder to ensure the filters are working properly.

     Think Before You Click (or Reply, or Forward)

      Never, ever reply to a spam message. 


      Don't click any links in a spam email. 


      Don't forward an email from someone you don't know to a list of people.



  • Report spam
  • Most email clients offer ways to mark an email as spam or report instances of spam. Reporting spam will also help to prevent the messages from being directly delivered to your inbox.
  • Own your online presence 
  • Consider hiding your email address from online profiles and social networking sites or only allowing certain people to view your personal information.